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Lexicon for Meat Science & Technology Allied Fields

Glossary of Terms

These are terms used in meat science research and by the industry to describe processes, products and the science behind them. It is not all-inclusive and will be updated/expanded as needs dictate.

Meat Science Lexicon Glossary

  • Acidification

  • Additive

  • Adulteration

  • Advanced meat recovery (AMR)

  • Alternative curing

  • Animal-derived gelatin

  • Battered and breaded

  • Beef

  • Brine

  • Bushmeat

  • By-product

  • Carbonyls

  • Code of Federal Regulations

  • Co-extrusion

  • Cold bonding

  • Collagen

  • Commercially sterile

  • Comminution

  • Conduction, thermal

  • Convection

  • Corned (beef)

  • Curing (specifically the inclusion of nitrate or nitrite salts)

  • Curing brine or pickle

  • Dry cured

  • Dry sausage

  • Drying

  • Edible-offal

  • Emulsifier

  • Emulsion

  • Exogenous enzymatic tenderization

  • Exsanguination

  • Extrusion

  • Fabrication

  • Farmed game

  • Fermentation

  • Fiber type

  • Finely textured beef (FTB)

  • Fresh meat

  • Fresh sausage

  • Giblets

  • Grinding

  • Harvest

  • Heme iron

  • Heterocyclic amines (HCA’s)

  • High-pressure processing (HPP)

  • Inedible offal

  • Irradiation

  • Liquid smoke

  • Live brine

  • Maillard reaction

  • Marination

  • Mechanically separated meat (MSM)

  • Nitrite

  • Nitrosamine

  • Nitrosylhemochrome

  • N-Nitroso compounds

  • Non-meat ingredient

  • Offal

  • Oxidation

  • Pasteurization

  • Pathogenic microorganisms

  • Pickle or curing brine

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

  • Pork

  • Poultry

  • Proteolysis

  • Psychrotrophs/psychrophiles

  • Radiation, thermal

  • Raw

  • Ready-to-eat

  • Retorting

  • Seafood

  • Semi-dry sausage

  • Slaughter

  • Smoking

  • Spoilage bacteria

  • Spore

  • Starter culture

  • Sterilize

  • Tenderized

  • Thermally treated

  • Trimmings

  • Umami

  • Variety meat

  • Warmed over flavor

  • Water activity

  • Wiltshire bacon

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